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An Early Victorian Irish Coach Panel
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An Early Victorian Irish Coach Panel

Circa 1842-44

Measurements: 32cm (12.5in) x 39.5cm (12.5in)



Oil on panel. The armorial achievement of Henry Westenra, 3rd Baron Rossmore (1792-1860) with those of his first wife Anne Douglas-Hamilton (1796-1844), daughter of the 8th Duke of Hamilton, ‘in pretence’. Framed and glazed.

The military features on the present coach panel were originally to General Robert Cunninghame (1726-1801) who was created the 1st Baron Rossmore in 1796. Cunninghame fought at the Battle of Culloden in 1746 and rose to be come the Commander-in-Chief of Ireland from 1793 to 1796. Described as a member of a family of individualists, the 3rd Baron was a prolific letter-writer, and a stammerer. His surviving letters have been described as ‘voluminous’ and ‘frequently vitriolic’. He was educated at Westminster and Trinity College Dublin. He was also a demon player of both the Scottish and the Irish pipes. A listener recalled ‘[he] played several pieces of exquisitely sweet music, interspersed with the most extraordinary imitations. In one, which was named The Hare in the Corn, he produced sounds very much resembling the cry of the harriers, and other tones like the notes of a hunting horn, terminating with two or three simulated squeaks, supposed to indicate the capture of the hare.’ Rossmore died at his country house in County Monaghan, Rossmore Park, and was buried there. The house was abandoned in the 1940s, fell into a ruin, and was demolished in 1975.

Arms: 1 - Quarterly: 1st and 4th, per bend Or and Argent in chief a Tree eradicated Vert and in base Waves of the Sea therein a Sea-horse naiant reguardant all proper (Westenra): 2nd and 3rd, Gules three Martlets two and one within a Bordure Or (Cairnes); on an escutcheon of pretence, quarterly:  1st and 4th, Gules three Cinquefoils Ermine (Hamilton);  2nd and 3rd, Argent a Lymphad with the sails furled proper flagged Gules (Arran);  2nd and 3rd grandquarters:  Argent a Heart Gules imperially crowned Or on a Chief Azure three Mullets of the first (Douglas).
Crest: A Lion rampant proper.
Supporters: Dexter:  a Trooper of the 5th Dragoons in uniform and holding in his right hand a Sword point downwards all proper;  Sinister: a Black Charger of the same regiment caparisoned proper/
Motto: Post Proelia Praemia (After battles, rewards)