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Archibald Standish Hartrick (1864-1950) - The Lying-in-State of Edward VII, 1910
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Archibald Standish Hartrick (1864-1950) - The Lying-in-State of Edward VII, 1910

Measurements: Overall: 44.5cm (17.5in) x 55.5cm (21.75in)


Pastel on paper. ‘Westminster Hall, May 17.18.19 1910.’ King Edward VII’s lying-in-state. Signed lower right ‘Westminster Hall A.S. Hartrick  / May 17.18.19  1910’. Size of image 32cm (12.5in) x 42.5cm (16.75in). Contained in an ebonised and gilt wood frame.
On the morning of 17 May 1910 Edward VII’s massive oak coffin was transferred from the Throne Room at Buckingham Palace and taken on a gun carriage to Westminster Hall where it was placed on a raised platform. Each corner of the catafalque was guarded around the clock by the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at Arms, Yeomen of the Guard and Household Troops. Each day for the next three days, the doors were opened at six in the morning to a queue that extended a mile along the Embankment. Carpets muffled the footsteps of those paying their respects, and no one spoke. As the Archbishop of Canterbury hoped it was an exercise in democratizing the monarchy. The last king to lie in state had been George III whose body had lain in the Royal apartments of  Windsor Castle for one day only in 1820. Opponents of the archbishop’s egalitarian approach recalled that Westminster Hall was scarcely appropriate as in had been the scene of the trial of Charles I. It is estimated that some 400,000 people filed past the King, many of them waiting all night in torrential rain under a sea of black umbrellas that at one point snaked for four miles through the streets of Westminster. There were no queuing privileges for people of rank nor were servants permitted to hold places in the line. On 20 May the King’s coffin at the head of the greatest assemblage of royalty and rank ever gathered in one place was removed to Windsor for burial.   

Archibald Standish Hartrick, R.W.S., O.B.E., (1864-1950) was born in Bangalore, the son of an army officer. He was educated at Fettes and studied medicine at Edinburgh University before attending the Slade in London and the Academie Julian and Atelier Cormon in Paris. Hartrick spent the summer of 1886 at Pont-Aven with Paul Gaugin and in Paris became friends with Vincent van Gogh and Toulouse-Lautrec. In 1887 he exhibited a work at the Paris Salon. Hartrick returned to Scotland and fell in with the Glasgow Boys, before moving to London to work as an illustrator for The Graphic, Pall Mall Gazette and other popular illustrated papers of the day. In 1890, he joined other artists recently returned from Paris in the New English Art Club where impressionism was well represented. After a decade or so in Gloucestershire with his artist wife, he returned to London in 1908 to teach drawing at the Camberwell School of Art until 1914. During the First World War he contributed works to the British War Memorials Committee. He later taught lithography at the Central School. In the Second World War he recorded the work of the Women’s Land Army, as he had in the First. His lithographs were featured in the ‘Britain at War’ exhibition that opened at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in May 1941.