A Swedish Royal Presentation Brooch, 1910
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Of lozenge form the outer gold body set light blue enamel bordering the diamond set double S cypher of Sophia of Sweden.
Queen Sophia of Sweden and Norway (1836-1913) was Queen Consort to King Oscar II. She was the youngest daughter of Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau, by his second wife Princess Pauline Friederica Marie of Württemberg. Following a rebellion in Nassau in 1848, Sophia spent six years in Russia at the imperial court in St. Petersburg with her widowed mother. She married Prince Oscar of Sweden at the castle in Wiesbaden-Biebrich in 1857. Sophia was received with great enthusiasm in Stockholm, and was affectionately nicknamed The Blue Duchess from the colour of the dress she wore on the day of her arrival. She became yet more popular by securing the Bernadotte succession and producing the heir that the Crown Prince and Crown Princess could not. Oscar assumed the thrones of Sweden and Norway in 1872. Sofia was popular with Norwegians and demonstrated her attachment to Norway by maintaining a permanent residence at Skinnarbøl Manorhouse, north of Oslo. Her other summer residence at Helsingborg was a meeting place for European royalty, particularly King Christian of Denmark and his two daughters Maria Feodorovna, wife of Tsar Alexander III of Russia, and Queen Alexandra wife of King Edward VII. Erudite and politically astute, Sofia did much to calm calls for a republic following her unfaithful husband’s accession to the throne by her charitable works, personal conduct and exactitude. After the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden in 1905, Queen Sofia continued as Queen of Sweden until 1907 whence on King Oscar’s death she became Dowager Queen of Sweden.