Tsar Boris III and Tsaritsa Giovanna of Bulgaria Royal Presentation Brooch, 1930
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38mm x 28mm
Diamond and sapphire set white gold cypher of King Boris III of Bulgaria (1894-1943) and Tsaritsa Giovanna, contained in a reeded circlet surmounted by the Bulgarian crown in yellow gold set with diamonds and sapphires. Cased.
Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria (1894-1943) was the eldest son of Ferdinand I, and acceded to the Bulgarian throne upon the abdication of his father in 1918. Defeat in the disastrous Second Balkan War of 1913 and the First World War severely threatened political and economic stability of the country at this time. In 1925 Boris survived two assassination attempts, and in 1934 was reduced to the status of a puppet tsar as a result of a military coup. The following year, he staged a counter-coup and established the ‘King's government’ by which Bulgaria entered an era of prosperity known as the Golden Age of the Third Bulgarian Kingdom. Boris married Giovanna of Italy, daughter of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, in 1930, and had two children, Maria Louisa a son and heir, Simeon. Bulgaria was neutral on the outbreak of the Second World War, but was coerced into alignment with the Axis powers. Tsar Boris however resisted foreign interference in his country and refused to send Bulgarian troops to fight in Russia - a position that cost him his life.
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