Engraving - Frederick, Duke of York, 1812
Engraving - Frederick, Duke of York, 1812
Engraving - Frederick, Duke of York, 1812
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Engraving - Frederick, Duke of York, 1812

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Overall: 79cm (31.2in) x 61cm (24in)

Mezzotint. Full length portrait of Prince Frederick, Duke of York in military uniform. Engraved by Charles Turner after Sir William Beechey R.A. Lettered with title, production and publication detail: ‘Frederick Duke of York’. Published by Colnaghi, circa 1812. Visible sheet: 65 x 45.5cm .

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Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany KG, (1763-1827) was the second son of George III. A soldier by profession, from 1764 to 1803 he was Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück in the Holy Roman Empire. From the death of his father in 1820 until his own death in 1827, he was the heir presumptive to his elder brother, George IV, in both the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Hanover. Frederick was thrust into the British Army at a very early age and was appointed to high command at the age of thirty, when he was given command of a notoriously ineffectual campaign during the War of the First Coalition, a continental war following the French Revolution. Later, as Commander-in-Chief during the Napoleonic Wars, he oversaw the reorganisation of the British Army, establishing vital structural, administrative and recruiting reforms for which he is credited with having done ‘more for the army than any one man has done for it in the whole of its history’.