Mezzotint - Sir John Moore. K.B., Victor of Corunna, 1811
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Overall: 48cm (18.8in) x 42cm (16.5in)
Mezzotint. Half length looking to left, wearing Lieutenant-General’s full dress coatee with Garter Star erroneously depicted in place of the breast star of the Order of the Bath. After John James Halls (1776-1828). Engraved by Charles Turner (1774-1828), Engraver-in-Ordinary to George III. Published by Colnaghi & Co., 23 Cockspur Street, London.. Image: 28.5cm (11.2in) x 23cm (9in). Titled ‘Sir John Moore’ on verre-eglomisé mount. Period giltwood frame.
Similar example, dated 1 February 1811, is in the British Embassy in Madrid (GAC 21511).
Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore, K.B., (1761-1809) is remembered for his heroic death at Coruña where repulsed a French army under Marshal Soult during the Peninsular War, and for creating a training system that produced the British Army’s matchless Light Infantry. Born at Glasgow, he accompanied when 11 years year-old his father in his capacity as tutor to the young 8th Duke of Hamilton (1756–1799) on a Grand Tour of France, Italy and Germany.
Moore entered the Army on 1776 and first saw action in 1778 during the American War of Independence as a lieutenant in the 82nd Regiment of Foot, which was raised by the Duke of Hamilton. Moore was wounded at Calvi, Corsica in 1794; served with distinction in the West Indies at the capture of St. Lucia; in Ireland, in the suppression of the 1798 rebellion when his humane conduct in respect of the local inhabitants stood out in contrast to many; in Egypt, under Sir Ralph Abercrombie; and at home during the Napoleinic invasion scare of 1803. Knighted in 1804, Moore was promoted to Lieutenant-General and took command of the British forces in the Iberian Peninsula following the recall of Sir Arthur Wellesley (the future Duke of Wellington). When Napoleon arrived in Spain with 200,000 men, Moore struck at the French line of communication to give the Spanish time to organise. As expected, he was then forced to retreat, closely pursued by Napoleon and Marshal Soult. His retreat to his embarkation ports of Coruña and Vigo is said to have been the most masterly on record. At Coruña he defeated the French and so enabled the army to be embarked, but was killed in action, being ‘struck in his left breast and shoulder by a cannon shot, which broke his ribs, his arm, lacerated his shoulder and the whole of his left side and lungs’. He was buried wrapped in a military cloak in the ramparts of the town.